Salamanca Natural Spaces
Arribes del Duero
In the west of Zamora and Salamanca, where the Duero makes border with Portugal and it is boxed almost forming the deepest and extensive tubes - a hundred of kilometers of all Iberian Peninsula, is the region of "Los Arribes". A space natural privileged in that they emphasize the rustic beauty of his granítico landscape and a rich one and varied fauna and flora.
The relief of You arrive Them it belongs to the dominion of the Paleozóico Socle and is constituted fundamentally by granites and granodioritas. Their more beautiful landscapes have been formed by the rivers Duero, Huebra and Uces. In the tube of this last one one of the most beautiful and spectacular cascades of all the Peninsula is located: the Well of the Smoke("Pozo de los Humos"), where the water falls from more than 200 meters of height.
Within the limits of the space an interesting and beautiful locality is located: the villa of Fermoselle. After contemplating to the rest of his walled enclosure and the románicas covers of the church of Asuncio'n, it is necessary to cross his narrow and lofty streets where it surprises very a well conserved set of popular architecture.
According to the dictionary of the Real Academia de la Lengua, to "be in Las Batuecas" is to be distracted and oblivious to something: meaning, to be engrossed and fascinated. Feelings of this kind are still felt today by the people who visit this secret valley, protected by escarped mountains and containing a beautiful Mediterranean-type forest, a place where some of the most interesting species of Iberian fauna have found refuge.
Add to this the valuable cave paintings from the Neolithic era that can be found in the valleys caves and shelters, the high cultural value of the legends of Las Batuecas and the ethnographic and architectural collection of the village of La Alberca, and we find a space without comparison in all of Castilla y León. In the deepest part of the valley is the Carmelite convent of San José. The convent entrance is the starting point of another trail on foot which takes us to the Cascada del Chorro (waterfall) and also enables us to enjoy the scenic beauty of Las Batuecas.
The Sierra of Candelario, Béjar y Solana is an old Palaeozoic mountain mass belonging to the Cordillera Central that rises to the West of the Sierra de Gredos.
This beautiful and diverse landscape is the result of intense modelling of different types, both glacial and fluvial. Glacial action gave rise to cirques and lakes, whilst rivers have created deep valleys full of leafy woods of chestnut and Pyrenean oak.
In the peaks of the Sierra de Candelario (highest point : La Ceja at 2,425 m.) there are various endemic botanical species. Highlights of this area's fauna include several bird of prey species and the almost certain presence of the Iberian Lynx.
As well as giving its name to the whole natural space, the town of Candelario also preserves the region's most interesting collection of popular architecture, including escalated façades and large wooden sun terraces.
Set in an indescribable mountain region and surrounded by thick chestnut trees and oak woods, one of the region's principal monuments is the Renaissance church of Asunción. One of Candelario's traditional products deserves a special mention: the exquisite "chorizo cular", cured by the cold, dry air of the nearby sierra.
The Sierra de Gata is the last massif of the Sistema Central located within Spain. The lythic materials of these mountains of medium height - the highest peak is Peña Canchera at an altitude of 1,592 metres - are predominantly slate and small granite outcrops.
Large woods of Pyrenean oak - the most extensive forests of this species in the Iberian peninsula - cover a large area of the slopes of the Sierra de Gata and also give their name to this protected space: el Rebollar. The Iberian lynx finds refuge in these woods.
Location: THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE OF SALAMANCA.
Mountainous region containing various sierras (quilama, tamames and valero) in the upper basin of the river alagón. Contrast between the coarse and sharp landscape of the sierras and the terraced slopes for crop cultivation. The river alagon meanders from riomalo onwards.