Badajoz Natural Reserves
Cornalvo Natural Park
Cornalvo Natural Park is located approximately in the geographical centre of Extramadura, on the Vegas del Guadiana. It may be considered the vertex of the two mountainous formations that converge on this particular enclave. On the one hand, the mountainous line-up of Sierra de San Pedro and on the other, the Sierras de Montánchez, a prolongation of the great Villuercas massif. This is the last mountainous barrier before crossing the Guadiana valley.
In its more than 10,500 ha area the municipal areas of Mérida, Aljucen, Mirandilla, San Pedro de Mérida and Guarena are partially included. The locality of Trujillanos is the traditional entry to the park. It is not included within its limits but it houses the exhibition centre .
The Reservoir of Orellana
Is the largest of those situated in the middle stretch of the Guadiana River, being regulated further above by the River García de Sola and Cijara.
The Sierra de Pela is an immense mountain range-island in the middle of a very varied terrain of fertile plains and prairies, where irrigated crops, cereal fields, pastures, meadows and scrubs alternate, being one of the enclaves of Extremadura with the greatest level of biodiversity. Towards the south, the vast pastures of La Serena enhance the jagged silhouette of the mountain range that emerges from the peneplain.
The surface area is of 42,600 hectares, including the municipal districts of Orellana la Vieja, Orellana de la Sierra, Acedera, Navalvilla de Pela, Casas de Don Pedro, Talarrubas, Puebla de Alcocer, Esparragosa de Lares and Campanario .
The Sierra de Hornachos Special Conservation
Is one of the mountainous enclaves that are dotted around the region of Tierra de Barros, situated behind Hornachos and built on the side of one of its hillsides with a privileged location. The central position of the sierra in the region makes its waters flow into various rivers such as the Marachel, Guadamez and Palomillas, which start from the run-off water of these valleys. Towards the Southeast there is a border with the Los Molinos Reservoir with very flat land and nearly void of trees, where dry cultivation predominate. To the Northeast its borders are more abrupt, bordering with other mountainous formations such as la Sierra de la Pedriza. Towards the South the region of Campaña sur extends out, dotted with extensive fields of dry cultivation.
This is the most meridional of the central sierra, forming part of the set of important mountains that start in Sierra de Arroyo, continue through la Sierra de Peñas Blancas and end in la Hornachos, giving rise to a grandiose corridor that emerges in the surrounding plains.
The protected space has an area of 12,190 ha all within the municipal territory of Hornachos.
The basin of the Alcarrache River
Occupies approximately 80km.2 and extends from its source in the mountainous formations of Sierra Brava and Sierra de Santa María, in the proximity of Barcarrota and Salvaleón, until the south of Villanueva del Fresno, where it abandons Extremadura. The last part of the river passes through Portugal, to empty into the Guadiana River to the south of Mourão.
Throughout its 59km. of trajectory, its banks cross the municipal districts of Barcarrota, Olivenza, Alconchel, Higuera de Vargas, Villanueva del Fresno and Jerez de los Caballeros .