Route Betica - Romana
Between the 3rd and the 5th century AC the Romans
well-liked the fertile Guadalquivir plains because of its rich
production of wine, olive oil, corn and also the presence of minerals.
The Vía Augustea connected the former Baetis with France.
From the city of Itálica come the philosopher Seneca and
the two Roman emperors Trajano and Adriano.
Roman settlements near Seville as Itálica founded by Scipio the Elder or the villages of Carmona, Marchena, Ecija or Osuna were already described by the geographer Teóphorus at the end of the 2nd century AC. The Bética-Romana route connects Hispalis (Seville) with Corduba (Córdoba) and with Gades (Cádiz) and left many trails along the Guadalquivir river and in the fertile plains of the Campiña. Some Roman remains can be seen along the Costa de la Luz towards Gibraltar.
From Itálica, passing Carmona, Córdoba and the villages of the Campiña back to Carmona. The route continues then to Jerez de la Frontera and Cádiz. Finally an excursion to Bolonia near Tarifa can be made.
approx. 690 kilometres/ 430 miles for the entire route. The large distances are caused by the excursions from Córdoba to the small village of Almedinilla in the Subbetic Mountains and from Cádiz to the ruins of Baelo Claudia near Bolonia.
Itálica (Miles 0)
the ruins of the former Roman military settlement can be visited near Santiponce (aprox 11 km/7 miles north of Seville)
Carmona (Miles 25; 26,300 Inhabitants)
extended necropolis "Carmo" and an amphitheatre outside the city limits.
Luisiana (Miles 45; 4,400 Inhabitants)
Wells and baths from the Roman period
Écija (Miles 55; 38,100
in the former "Astigi" of the Romans can still be seen several mosaiques. Famous also for ist 11 towers and numerous churches, monasteries and noble houses.
Almodóvar del Rio (Miles 93; 7,100 Inhabitants)
preferred by the Romans because of the regional olive oil. One of the most important Andalusian castles is situated on a hill close to the village.
Córdoba (Miles 113; 318,700
the capital of the province with the famous Mezquita (mosque) was not only the ancient seat of the Caliphate but also the capital of the roman province "Baetica"
Birth place of the philosopher Seneca.
Also located on the ancient "Via Augustea"
Almedinilla (Miles 190 km ; 2,550
small village of the Sierras Subbéticas located close to Priego de Córdoba. Of agricultural importance in the Roman period: the villa "El Ruedo".
Osuna (Miles 270; 17.300 Inhabitants)
Julius Cesar conquered the town of Urso. Many monument buildings and noble houses. Tomb Panteón de los Duques; Monastery de la Encarnación.
Marchena (Miles 290; 18,400 Inhabitants)
important residence and agricultural product town of the Romans ("Martia"). Many archaeological findings. Today a small town of the Campiña, located amidst olive groves. Ancient town walls; Church San Juan Bautista; Museum Zurbarán
Jerez de la Frontera (Miles 346;
the Romans were the first to appreciate the wine of Hasta Regia. Today the biggest city of the Cádiz province.
Cádiz (Miles 364; 135,000
the mythic foundation of Hercules ("Melkart") was named "Gades" by the Romans. Oldest city of Europe.
Roman Ruins of Baelo Claudia (Miles
close to the beach of Bolonia and close to Tarifa (Costa de la Luz). Founded during the 2nd Century BC.