Capital of Zamora province, NW Spain, in Castile-Leon, on the Duero River.
Founded by the viceroys' will in 1574. Its official name Zamora de Hidalgo in honor of the independence leader, its weather is moderate being an excellent agricultural region standing out the strawberry among its products.
Because of its strategic position, control of the city was contested during the Middle Ages, first between the Christians and Moors, then between LeOn and Castile. Parts of the medieval fortifications are still preserved.
There is a fine 12th-century Romanesque cathedral.