Palencia Natural Spaces
Fuentes Carrionas and Fuente Cobre
In the most remote and inaccesible border lands of the province of Palencia, lies a spectacular, almost unknown, mountain range. Its peaks and crests, sculpted into the hard tight mountain limestone, rise over 2,500 metres and give form to a singular relief of fantastic needles, impressive precipices, proud cliffs and deep valleys. There are also many lakes of glacial origin in the area.
Two important rivers have their sources in these mountains, the Carrión and the Pisuerga. The first of the two rises in steep heart of the mountains and its source - the lake of Fuentes Carrionas which gives its name to the whole county - is so isolated that it is even possible to find the footprints of several pairs of brown bears. The river Pisuerga rises from the Fuente del Cobre - a gentler landscape, where beech and deciduous oak woods predominate.
Northern Palencia also contains one of the largest and most notable collections of Romanesque art in the world.
In the Páramo de La Lora, between the provinces of Palencia and Burgos, we find a spectacular geological region of karstic origin, set in a landscape characterised by large hanging synclinals.
Some of the key features of this landscape include dolines, lapiaz, uvalas, abysses, caves and river resurgences. This last group includes the resurgence of Covalagua, which gives its name to the whole natural space.
Especially notable are the amazing subterranean caverns of the famous Cueva de los Franceses. Very near Covalagua are two notable points of tourist and cultural interest: Aguilar de Campoo, with its magnificent restored Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real, and the Cantabrian hill-fort of Monte Bernorio.
Las Tuerces form a peculiar landscape created by the active dissolving of Upper Cretaceous limestone caused by Karstic erosion.
Situated in the Westernmost spurs of the Páramos de La Lora, where the geography of the Cordillera Cantábrica and the sediments of Cuenca del Duero come together, Las Tuerces constitutes a real labyrinth of large and fantastically shaped blocks.
Giant mushroom shapes, natural arches and bridges, closed gullies and sheltered small caves give rise to a charming landscape which invites a gentle stroll and calm contemplation.